This month we want to congratulate all the fathers for their parenting. The Father's Day is celebrated in several countries at once, such as Andorra, Bolivia, Spain, Equatorial Guinea, Honduras, Italy, Liechtenstein, Macao and Portugal who celebrate it on March 19.

Other countries celebrate it on different dates. We would like to celebrate it taking into account the evolution of fatherhood over the history.

Throughout the historical development of civilization there were different models of fatherhood. In the era of hunter-gatherers matrilineal society prevailed. Fatherhood is discovered 6 or 7 millennia ago, in the Neolithic, in societies that possessed livestock (as Dupuis thesis defends). This led to a
n evolution towards patrilineality and patriarchy dominating classical antiquity. The patriarch Pater Familias Roman has absolute power over the family and property. The newborn child should be expressly recognized by the father lifting him in his arms.

In the Middle Ages fatherhood is not derived from the will of man but of God's will. In the late Middle Ages parenting model varies with social class and the child's fate depends on his father. Among the bourgeoisie, the father teaches his children a trade; the father works at home and spends time with their children, but does not transmit feelings, which are seen as a sign of vulnerability.

In the Modern Era, after the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789), the father happens to be respectful of the law and new rights. It appears the notion that children have a right to have a family, although they are not born within the marriage.

During the second half of the twentieth century evolves the idea that the child needs to have a close bond with his father to develop his personality. The father gives up sole custody to start sharing with the mother.

These days, the fathers are committed to participate in the care of their children -to share roles from birth- and can express their feelings without that affecting their masculinity. The paternity of the XXI century helps to develop the child's personality and the durability of the bond between father and child.

Happy Father's Day!


(Note: Text source Wikipedia).